News / Adolf Hitler’s half brother in our 1911 census records

Adolf Hitler’s half brother in our 1911 census records

26 May, 2011

We’ve unearthed Adolf Hitler’s half brother in our 1911 census records and his census return makes for fascinating reading.

Alois Hitler Jr had a troubled childhood and is said to have had a rocky relationship with his parents. In 1910 he met Bridget Elizabeth Dowling in Dublin. Alois and Bridget eloped to London and married in June 1910.

Alois’ 1911 census return shows him and Bridget living at 102 Upper Stanhope Street, Toxteth Park, Liverpool. This house is reported to have been destroyed in a German air-raid on Liverpool in 1942.

The form appears to include lots of different styles of handwriting, so we can assume that the boarders in the house each filled in their own details. We believe, therefore, that Alois completed his family’s details, especially when we look at his son William’s entry. Above ‘boarder’, which has been crossed out and re-written underneath, Alois has referred to William as ‘sohn’, the German word for ‘son':

Click to enlarge

Click to enlarge

Alois has recorded a different name on the census return: Anton. Bridget has also recorded a different name: Cissie Hitler. We can see that the first recording of her name is crossed out on the form but the name ‘Cissie Dowling’ is still clearly visible – having married less than one year earlier, it seems Bridget was still adjusting to her new married name.

We can also gather from the census form that Alois was born in Austria. At the time of the 1911 census he was working as a ‘Chef waiter’ in a Lyons cafe. This is particularly interesting as Lyons was a Jewish company, leading us to wonder if Alois’ views differed drastically to those of his infamous brother.

This census return is just one example of the rich detail the 1911 census can provide. We’d love to hear about any interesting or unusual facts you’ve found while searching the 1911 census – post your story underneath this blog.

  • Luke Mouland

    Fascinating stuff! Nice find.

  • Ann Bryan

    Wow! Good result whoever found that.

  • http://Facebook Lorna McCluskey

    How do they know this Anton Hitler is Adolf Hitler’s half brother, Alois Hitler, Jr.?

    • Amy from

      Hi Lorna,

      Although Alois is recorded here as Anton, we can be sure it’s the same person because of the family he is recorded with.

      Alois Hitler married Bridget Elizabeth Dowling in London in 1910 (you’ll find the couple in our marriage records – give it a try!). Cissie is a common nickname for women named Elizabeth and Alois actually revealed his wife’s maiden name on the 1911 census form itself. Although it’s been crossed out, the name ‘Cissie Dowling’ is still legible.

      Hope that helps!

  • http://findmypast Sheila Andrews

    but wasn’t Adolf’s real name “Schicklegruber”??? – Did the whole family have a name change to “Hitler”?

  • Veronica

    This is not new information, has been well known for many years in Lancashire, and in the Liverpool area, where he lived and then married and went to ireland.

  • Colleen Betsinger

    I found this very interesting, something I did not know.

  • Mia Nony

    Adolf Hitler was never called Schickelgruber. This was the name of his paternal grandmother. His father took the name of his supposed father, which was spelled Hiedler or Hitler according to preference, when he was 40, well before Adolf was born. Adolf Hitler had three surviving siblings.
    His half-brother Alois lived in Liverpool and had a son called William Patrick,
    who died in 1987.
    He changed his name and lived in the USA.
    He is believed to have left 4 sons, who have decided not to have children in order not to perpetuate the line.
    His sister Paula never married and had no children.
    She was known as Paula Wolf for a lot of her life.
    His half sister Angela married and had a daughter, Geli Raubal, who died in 1930.
    I believe there was also a son Leo Raubal who died in action in 1942.
    It is unlikely that the story of Adolf Hitler’s father being half Jewish is true.
    But since Anna Maria Schickelgruber died when her son was 5 years old no one will ever know the real details of what seems a very complicated story.

  • Mia Nony

    Adolf Hitler, a not uncommon surname in the Corinthian province of Austria
    where he was born, and where indeed some of his relatives had that name.
    Europe’s other modern mass murderer, Josef Stalin, went one step further
    and created his own surname, Stalin, the man of steel.

  • Mia Nony

    Actually it’s “Schicklgruber” (That’s without an E in between the L and the G)

  • Pingback: anna laser tandblekninng

  • Rosita

    Roald Dahl did a short story (true story) on Alois, for Tales of the Unexpected.

  • Mary Byrne

    My Grandmother was Mary Byrne who lived in Liverpool she babysat for Hilters brother for some years this is true information Thanks